In this article, we will explore some hypotheses about the origin and attributes of an entity whose importance to earthlings ranges from contemplation every waking hour to absolutely zero impact. Let us assume that no subjects are unthinkable, because only by means of thought experiments and theorizing can tests be designed to attempt to learn more about the universe. We’ll explore the possibility that there are one or more gods per universe, or even one or more per galaxy.
Origin of God
The simplest hypothesis is that the likely origin of god was the Big Bang, coincidental to when the universe sprang into existence. Alternative origins are less logical; for example, if a god or gods existed before the universe, where did it or they come from? If the universe came first, how could dust, gases, and stars create a superpowerful being?
We exist because it is our good fortune that our universe is stable. This means that it possesses the correct ratio of weak, strong, and electromagnetic forces; magnitudes of negative and positive charges on electrons and protons; and a proper gravitational constant. This may not be coincidental. A working hypothesis for this happy happenstance is that a vast number of universes all came into existence simultaneously. Those with the “wrong” physical constants collapsed or burned out prematurely. The number of universes that may have originated at that time is unknown, but we can conclude that only the “fit” survived.
Attributes of God
During the initial phases of the Big Bang, the gods of the unfortunate, failing universes must have attempted to save them. Those universes with “uncorrectable” physical constants may have been impossible tasks for even a god to save, who may then have had to flee to another, viable universe. Difficulty in detecting or navigating to another universe might have led to a situation that is somewhat analogous to the Israelites wandering in the desert for forty years.
The Possible Need for More Than One God in Our Universe
For purposes of this estimate, we shall arbitrarily assume that the length of the Earth day and year can be used as measures throughout the universe, because we must have a unit of time.
After the Big Bang, the first priority for the resident god would have been to survey its universe. If desired, any needed additional solar systems might have had to be created. The next priority would be to distribute suns into galaxies and start them rotating. Many suns would have to be fitted with at least one habitable planet as well as frozen and roasted dead planets and various comets and asteroids. Finally, the god would decide which planets would be “seeded” with the complex molecules that had the potential to evolve into complex life, which planets would be left to evolve life with no help, and which would be ignored.
If the duration needed per solar system is estimated to be less than one 1/1000 of a second, the entire universe could have been formed by a single creator with superpowers during its 13.82 billion-year age. A shortcut would be to create several sample suns and satellites and to use the equivalent of a cosmic copying machine to create replicates of complete solar systems.
However, an alternative time-line is the mythical six days the Old Testament has stated that creating the universe required. To form two hundred to four hundred billion suns per galaxy and about two hundred billion galaxies, as many as six hundred billion gods would be needed. The equivalent of a stellar assembly-line would have the especially adroit and imaginative gods creating planets such as Saturn with multiple, interlocking rings. Assuming unequal gods, the less able would merely orbit asteroids and the dour would create black holes that devour matter. It’s logical to assume that this gaggle of gods toiling in our universe was augmented by gods that fled failed universes.
Some confirmation that a god requires a finite time-span to perform major transformations arises from the visible differences between stars, including ages, sizes, and luminosities.
Hypotheses about the Lives of the Gods
We can only conjecture what the many gods do with their time during their infinite life-spans. Do they toy with their animated creations? Are there god games in which deities compete for most beautiful scenery or most interesting or weirdest evolved life-forms? Is there universal harmony, or are there cosmic conflicts? Such conflicts would exemplify the classic immovable force vs. an irresistible object. Inter-god clashes comprise Greek and Norse mythology, as well as plots for comic books and 3-D movies. The formation of newborn stars in our galaxy may be due to natural processes or the work of a laggard god.
Search for Data
Now we must depend on physicists to design experiments to attempt to prove or disprove any of these conjectures. For example: do dying universes emit any particles, waves, or fields that could enter our universe and be detected? In other words, was a “death rattle” transmitted to us?
Experimental astrophysicists might find traces of the existence of multiple gods in our universe by seeing if some of the thousands of extrasolar suns with planets fall into distinct classes: similar numbers or sizes of planets, similar angles of axial tilts, or similar atmospheres or distances from their suns. The analogy here would be connecting crime scenes with distinctive patterns.
Lack of evidence for the existence of any god or one god means more research is required, a task familiar to humans who insatiably seek to satisfy curiosities and find a single, confirmed answer. The absence of evidence for any godlike entity means we individuals merely continue with our existing beliefs.