John E. Smith is Clark Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Yale University. He has a B.S. from Union Theological Seminary and a Ph.D. from Columbia University. He is a former President of the American Philosophical Association (Eastern Division) and the American Theological Society. His books include The Spirit of American Philosophy and Experience and God. This article is excerpted from John E. Smith’s book Quasi-Religions: Humanism, Marxism, and Nationalism (St. Martin’s Press, 1994).